Thursday, 26 February 2015

Wall of Shame

On this page I plan on memorialising some of the negative, dismissive, outrageous and idiotic statements made about Eliza Haywood and her (actual or putative) works. (I have already discussed Haywood's reputation before the twentieth century, and collected together some of the more positive statements made about Haywood here.)

I think that it is worth collecting some of the misogyny, prejudice and ignorance of the last two centuries in one place so that the (admirable) restraint of modern scholars—who are prone to tell students that Haywood's works have been "overlooked" or "dismissed"—is more obvious.

[1731]. Jonathan Swift [letter dated 26 October 1731], in Letters to and from Henrietta, Countess of Suffolk (1824), 2.29 (here)

Mrs. Heywood I have heard of as a stupid, infamous, scribbling woman, but have not seen any of her productions.

[1815]. Sir Egerton Brydges, Censura Literaria: Containing Titles, Abstracts, and Opinions of Old English Books, 2nd ed. (1815), 10.312 fn (here):

Secret Histories, Novels, and Poems, Written by Mrs. Eliza Haywood, 1732, in 4 vols. and third edition. Unless there was some omission, or a subsequent reprint with addition, it seems doubtful which story of this disgraceful detailer of lascivious passion, rapes, adultery, and murder, is referred to.

[1823]. Anonymous reviewer of Peveril of the Peak in The Monthly Review, 2nd ser. 100 (February 1823), 188 (here):

The productions of Mrs. Heywood, or of Mrs. Behn, would be little compatible with the delicacy of modern days: but, indeed, the scale of feeling on such subjects, more especially among women, has been very much raised since that period.

[1833]. Lord Dover [annotation] in Letters of Horace Walpole, Earl of Orford, to Sir Horace Mann, edited by Lord Dover (1833), 1.325 (here):

Eliza Heywood, a voluminous writer of indifferent novels; of which the best known is one called "Betsy Thoughtless."

[1844]. Charles Whitehead, Richard Savage: A Romance of Real Life (1844), ch. 15 fn (here):

Eliza Haywood, although now nearly forgotten, attained during her life-time to an enviable celebrity. Pope, in his Dunciad, has heaped terrible infamy upon her head. Her plays I have not seen; but I have looked into her novels of which "The History of Betsy Thoughtless " and "Jenny and Jemmy Jessamy " are the most considerable. They possess no common degree of merit, but are altogether unfit for modern perusal.

[1848]. Thomas Wright, England Under the House of Hanover: Its History and Condition During the Reigns of the Three Georges (1848), 1.91 (here).

It is clear, indeed, that the national taste had become as vulgar as the national manners, and as corrupt as the principles of a large majority of the public men of that period. The works which received the greatest encouragement were scandalous memoirs, secret history surreptitiously obtained and sent forth under fictitious names, (such as the books which came the pens of Eliza Haywood, Mrs. Manley, and other equally shameless female writers, and from the press of Edmund Curll,) and ill-disguised obscenity.

[1856]. Anonymous, "Daniel De Foe," The Dublin University Magazine, vol. 48, no. 283 (July 1856): 70 (here):

Have any of the readers of these pages perused Eliza Heywood's other works? … If the ladies are ignorant of this literature, let them be advised and remain in their ignorance.

[1859]. David Masson, British Novelists and Their Styles: Being a Critical Sketch of the History of British Prose Fiction (1859), 98–99 (here); reprinted (Boston 1859), 106 (here):

Passing by these, however, and also those short novels of licentious incident by Mrs. Heywood and other followers of Aphra Behn, which are to be found bound up in old volumes, four or five together, in the neglected shelves of large libraries, we alight, in the reign of George II., on a new group of British Novelists, remembered pre-eminently under that name.

[1872]. Hippolyte A. Taine, History of English Literature, translated by H. Van Luen, 2nd ed. (1872), 2.206 (here):

In no age were hack-writers so beggarly and more vile. Poor fellows, like Richard Savage …; courtesans like Eliza Heywood, notorious by the shamelessness of their public confessions; …. These villanies, foul linen, the greasy coat six years old, musty pudding, and the rest, are in Pope as in Hogarth, with English crudity and preciseness.

Monday, 23 February 2015

Not The Only Copy

The Wellcome Library has acquired copies of the 1787 and 1788 editions of Harris's List of Covent Garden Ladies. Which is great, and certainly to be celebrated. It is also, apparently, big news, since quite a few people have read Hallie Rubenhold's sensational, well-promoted and insubstantial books on the subject (which, for reasons that will become clear, I will neither name nor link to).

According to The Guardian (here) and The Independent (here) the Wellcome Library bought "the book" or "a copy" (NB singular) from a London dealer for "a low five-figure sum"—which I take to mean about twenty to thirty thousand pounds for the two editions.

Another thing that The Guardian and The Independent agree on is that the 1787 edition is unique, claiming: it is "the only surviving 1787 guide" and is "a unique surviving … copy"—a claim that is repeated in every newspaper to reprint the story, such as The Sunshine Coast Daily (here), The Mackay Daily Mercury (here) and The Toowoomba Chronicle (here).

Dr Richard Aspin, Head of Research and Scholarship at the Wellcome Library, is more cautious than The Guardian and The Independent: stating in his blog entry about the purchase (here) that the 1787 edition "appears to be the only one in existence."

Unfortunately for Aspin (and the reporters at The Guardian and The Independent), the Wellcome copy of Harris's 1787 List is not unique. A simple Google search for "Harris's List of Covent-Garden Ladies" and "1787" locates the Bavarian State Library copy immediately. It has been available online since 14 December 2011 and has appeared in my list of Eighteenth-Century Erotic Texts Online since 14 July 2013.

Although the Bavarian State Library has had their copy since the eighteenth century, have published it online, and it has appeared in major bibliographies of erotica since 1889, it is not surprising that it was overlooked. Rubenhold appears only to known of eight editions/years of Harris's List of Covent Garden Ladies: 1761, 1764, 1773, 1774, 1779, 1788, 1789 and 1793. She gives the impression that these are the only survivors. Obviously, she is wrong.

During my research into eighteenth century erotica, I located seventeen editions/years of Harris's List. Some were easier to locate than others, appearing in major bibliographies and collections, and some are easier to locate now, than they were a decade ago. However, the fact that Rubenhold located only seven of at least seventeen copies, while preparing a series of books on the subject, suggests that her research was pretty shallow. Woeful, in fact.

I can't help wondering if the Wellcome Library paid a premium for the 1787 edition on the basis that it was "unknown to Rubenhold". (Since the claim that the 1787 edition is "unique," crops up in every article I can only assume that this claim is important to the Library because the did pay a premium.) If so, they probably won't be pleased to discover that they are wrong.

Saturday, 14 February 2015

The Book-Lover's Library Series, 1886–1902

"The Book-Lover’s Library" (BLL) was published in London by Elliot Stock. The series was edited by Henry Benjamin Wheatley (1838–1917), Vice-President and President of the Bibliographical Society, 1908–10, 1911–13. There appear to have been 26 volumes in the series, published between 1886 and 1902, all of them aimed at "the Bibliographer and all Book-Loving Readers." Since I am a Bibliographer and Book-Loving Reader, I have a hand-full of them (above), and I have read them all.

Volumes in the BLL series were issued (as advertised in 1902, below [NB "was first published"]) in three printing and binding styles: (A) on antique paper, with rough edges, in cloth, bevelled [178x110mm] (B) on hand-made paper, Roxburgh half morocco, with gilt top [185x110mm; 250 copies "for sale in England" thus] (C) on large, hand-made paper (by Van Gelder), bound in Roxburgh half morocco [220x178mm; 50 copies "for sale in England"]. In 1902 the prices in the UK were A: 4s 6d; B: 7s 6d; C: £1 1s; the prices in the US (ca. 1892) were A: $1.25; B: $2.50. As you can see in my first picture, at left, binding B dosen't age well.

My Checklist of the 26 volumes in the BLL series is below, numbered in the order that they I think they were released. I haven't been able to find a full list online, and the few claims I have seen about the number of volumes in the series both disagree about the total number of volumes and don't list the individual volumes. So, for instance, the British Library has a catalogue entry for the series, which claims that there were 28 volumes, but notes that their set "includes more than one edition of certain Works"—which are not named.

In 2010, a lot of 32 volumes was sold at auction (lot 347, here) as a "complete set," but only "some" of titles are mentioned in the catalogue entry for the lot, so it is not clear which volumes I exclude that the auctioneer believed had belonged to the series. However, the photograph that accompanies this lot (above) suggests why there might be some confusion about the number of volumes in this series (i.e., why the auctioneer might have been wrong that there were 32 volumes in the series). As you can see, partly visible, at the left of the photo, is W. Davenport Adams, Byways in Book-Land (1888).

If you look here you can see that Byways in Book-Landis not a part of the BLL series, although the paper, binding and price matches those in the BLL (i.e., it "is another of Mr. Stock's dainty little volumes, ever tempting in their cool green covers … [with] clear type and wide margins" as a reviewer states in The Reliquary 3 (1889): 59). Elliot Stock was famous for this type of book, it was his house style, rather than the distinguishing feature of volumes in the BLL series alone. Stock issued many dainty little bookish volumes, which cannot be differentiated from titles in the BLL by their appearance alone. Below, for instance, is J. Rogers Rees' Diversions of a Bookworm (1886) and The Pleasures of a Book-Worm (1886).

Volumes in the BLL series can only be established as belonging to the series if they appear in one of the publisher's lists of volumes in the BLL or if the text "The Book-Lover's Library" appears on the page facing their title-page. I have compiled the list below from four publisher's lists, two printed at the back of volumes from the series, and two leaflets from the publisher that I have otherwise acquired. The four lists (illustrated after the checklist) are:

1892a = A list of 14 titles printed in the back of Books Condemned to be Burnt (1892).
1892b = A list of 16 titles on a ca. 1892 leaflet advertising in the BLL series.
1902 = A list of 25 titles printed in the back of How to Make an Index (1902)
1910 = A list three reprints from the BLL on a ca. 1910 leaflet for "The 'How To' Series."

(The 'How To' series was comprised of J. D. Stewart, How to Use a Library (1910) and reprints of BLL nos.1, 11, 26). I have provided a code to show the order in which titles appear in the three main lists: 1892a and 1892b have the newest volumes, first; 1902 has the oldest volumes first.

* * * * *

01 Henry B. Wheatley, How to Form a Library (1886) [1892a.14; 1892b.16; 1902.01]

02 W. C. Hazlitt, Old Cookery Books and Ancient Cuisine (1886; rpr. 1902) [1892a.13; 1892b.15; 1902.02]

03 G. L. Gomme, Literature of Local Institutions (1886) [1892a.12; 1892b.14; 1902.03]

04 H. Trueman Wood, Modern Methods of Illustrating Books (1886) [1892a.11; 1892b.13; 1902.05]

05 Henry B. Wheatley, The Dedications of Books to Patron and Friend (1887) [1892a.10; 1892b.12; 1902.06]

06 W. C. Hazlitt, Gleanings in Old Garden Literature (1887) [1892a.09; 1892b.11; 1902.07]

07 Frederick Saunders, The Story of Some Famous Books (1888) [1892a.08; 1892b.10; 1902.08]

08 William Blades, The Enemies of Books (1888) [1892a.07; 1892b.09; 1902.09]

09 W.A. Clouston, The Book of Noodles (1888) [1892a.06; 1892b.08; 1902.10]

10 Edward Smith, Foreign Visitors in England (1889) [1892a.05; 1892b.07; 1902.04]

11 Henry B. Wheatley, How to Catalogue a Library (1889) [1892a.04; 1892b.06; 1902.11]

12 John Pendleton, Newspaper Reporting in the Olden Time and Today (1890) [1892a.03; 1892b.05; 1902.12]

13 W. C. Hazlitt, Studies in Jocular Literature (1890) [1892a.02; 1892b.04; 1902.13]

14 L. A. Wheatley, The Story of the "Imitatio Christi" (1891) [1892a.01; 1892b.03; 1902.14]

15 J. A. Farrer, Books Condemned to be Burnt (1892) [1892b.02; 1902.15]

16 William Blades, Books in Chains (1892) [1892b.01; 1902.16]

17 Henry B. Wheatley, Literary Blunders (1893) [1902.17]

18 Gleeson White, Book-Song (1893) [1902.18]

19 R. B. Marston, Walton and Some Earlier Writers on Fish and Fishing (1894) [1902.19]

20 P. H. Ditchfield, Books that have been Fatal to their Authors (1895) [1902.20]

21 William Roberts, ed., Book-Verse (1896) [1902.21]

22 James E. Matthew, The Literature of Music (1896) [1902.22]

23 Frederick G. Kitton, The Novels of Charles Dicken (1897) [1902.23]

24 John Lawler, Book Auctions in England in the Seventeenth Century (1898) [1902.25]

25 Frederick G. Kitton, The Minor Writings of Charles Dickens (1900) [1902.24]

26 Henry B. Wheatley, How to Make an Index (1902)

* * * * *

Monday, 26 January 2015

Bookplates of Booksellers and Circulating Libraries

Sir Augustus Wollaston Franks (1826–97), "arguably the most important collector in the history of the British Museum, and one of the greatest collectors of his age," amassed an enormous collection of bookplates. When he died, this collection (along with his many, many other important collections, went to the British Museum, where they were catalogued).

The catalogue of bookplates and trade cards, Franks Bequest: Catalogue of British and American Book Plates Bequested to the Trustees of the British Museum by Sir Augustus Wollaston Franks (1903), has been an important reference for collectors for more than a century. The Catalogue was digitised by the University of Toronto in January 2009. (For the three volumes, see here, here and here.) In the third volume of the Catalogue are the bookplates of institutions such as Public Libraries (293), Societies and institutions (297), Clubs (301) and business such as Booksellers and Circulating Libraries (310).

Since the University of Toronto OCR is not without it faults, and it is useful to have even a one-hundred-year-old list of bookplates of eighteenth-and nineteenth-century Booksellers and Circulating Libraries, I have edited the text and reproduced it here. BTW: I only have two of the 164 bookplates mentioned below (Franks Cat. nos. 34401 and 34405; though I am about to buy a third). I am not sure how many are eighteenth-century or of businesses based in London, the focus of my interest, but I am a very long way from being a collector of all of the bookplates listed below, or of bookplates in general.

* * * * *

* * * * *

34254  Abbott, Printer, Bookseller, Stationer, [and] Binder, Diss.
34255  Adams's, D., Library.
34256  Adams, J., Bookseller and Stationer, Stamford. (C. [and] N. Hull.)
34257  Adolphe, Art Photographer and Miniature Painter, 75 Grafton St., Dublin. (A Trade card?).
34258  Andrews's, John, Circulating Library. Calcutta. 1774. (Shepperd sc.)
34259  Apollo Circulating Library and Music Warehouse, South Street, Worthing.
34260  (Auld.) This Book belongs to Auld's Circulating Library (No. 18) Wardour-Street, Soho.
34261  Bagster, Sam., No. 81 Strand, near Cecil Street.
34262  Balcomb's, T., Circulating Library at Burwash.
34263  (Baldrey.) This Book belongs to Baldrey's Circulating Library No. 279 Holborn, nearly opposite the end of Red Lion Street.
34264  Barber. This Book belongs to the Circulating Library of Joseph, Bookseller in Amen Corner, near St. Nicholas Church, Newcastle. 1756.
34265  Barber, Joseph, and Son, Bookseller and Stationers, in Amen-Comer, Newcastle. (T. Bewick.)
34266  Barfield, Library, Broadstairs. (Biddle sc. Birm.)
34267  Barratt's Library, Bond Street.
34268  (Bates.) This Book belongs to Bates's Circulating Library, Holyhead.
34269  (Bates.) This Book belongs to Bates's Circulating Library, Holyhead. A different plate.)
34270  Baxter, Printer, Bookseller, Binder and Stationer, Lewes. (Jones Sc.)
34271  Beart's Circulating Library. Opposite the Bridge, Yarmouth. (Beart, Printer.)
34272  Beart's Circulating Library. On the Quay, Yarmouth.
34273  Bettison late Henley's. Cheltenham Library.
34274  Blagden's Circulating Library.
34275  Bliss, R., Bookseller, Stationer, and Circulating Librarian, Oxford.
34276  Bliss, R., Bookseller, Stationer, and Circulating Librarian, Oxford. [A different plate.]
34277  Bristow's Kentish Library, Parade, St. Andrew's, Canterbury.
34278  Bristow [and] Cowtan. Kentish Library, Parade, Canterbury.
34279  Brooke, Bought of Richd., Stationer at ye Ship near ye new Church in the Strand.
34280  Brotherton, John, At the Bible in Threadneedle Street over against Mercht. Taylors Hall bindeth all Sorts of Books.
34281  Burn, Bound by Thomas, 37 Kirby Street, Hatton Garden.
34282  Burnett, John, Bookseller and Stationer, at Shakespeare's Head, End of the Broad Street, Aberdeen.
34283  (Cabe.) This Book belongs to Edward Cabe's Circulating Library in Avemary Lane Ludgate Street.
34284  (Cass.) This Book belongs to Cass's Circulating Library. The Comer of Lamb's Conduit Street, Theobald's Koad.
34285  Chamley [and] Compy's. Circulating Library.
34286  Churchill, John, Medical Bookseller, Princes Street, Leicester Square.
34287  … Circulating Library, mutilated. London.
34288  Clarke, Abraham, Bookseller, Stationer, and Bookbinder, at the Bible and Crown, Near the Market Cross, and the Bull's Head Inn, Manchester.
34289  Clarke, John, Bookseller and Stationer, ye Corner of Essex Street, in ye Strand. (C. Mosley sculp.)
34290  Coke's, Leith., Circulating Library.
34291  Colburn [and] Co.'s British and Foreign Public Library, Conduit Street Hanover Square. [1842]
34292  Colegate's, R., Kentish Library, Parade Canterbury.
34293  Commins, Bookseller, Stationer, Musicseller, [and]c. Tavistock. (The Arms of the Company of Stationers.) (Colley Plymo.)
34294  Coppinger, Tho., Hairdresser and Stationer's Circulating Library Hawkhurst.
34295  Cork. The Minerva Rooms, Circulating Library and Beading Room.
34296  Cowtan [and] Colegate's Kentish Library, Parade, Canterbury.
34297  Cowtan [and] Colegate's Kentish Library, Parade, Canterbury. (A different plate.)
34298  Crokatt, Bought of I., at the Golden Key near ye Inner-Temple-Gate Fleet-street.
34299  Crompton, Josh., Stationer; At the Circulating Library in Colmer Row. Birmingham.
34300  Davenport, Music Seller, Oxford.
34301  (Davis.) This Book belongs to Wm. Davis, Bookseller and Stationer, at the Bedford Historical [and] Miscellaneous Circulating Library, No. 15, Southampton Row, Russell Square.
34302  (Dedman.) This Book belongs to Dedman, Bookseller, Stationer [and] Bookbinder, at his Circulating Library, No. 12 New Store-Street, Bedford-Square, London.
34303  Dessy's, Henry, at the Golden Bible, over against Catherine Street, in the Strand. This Book and all sorts are to be had at. (I. Pine Sculp.)
34304  Dunoyer, Sold by Peter, Book, Map, [and] Print-Seller at ye sign of Erasmus's Head, near the Fountain Tavern in the Strand.
34305  Earle's Original French [and] English Circulating Library, 47 Albemarle Street, Three Doors from Piccadilly.
34806  Egerton, Thos., Bookseller, Successor to Mr. Millan. 32 Opposite the Admiralty Charing Cross. (Smith sculpt. Bow Lane.)
34307  Fergusson, Army, Navy [and] Mercantile Printer, etc. 108 Patrick -Street, Cork.
34308  (Fitzpatrick.) Bought at Fitzpatrick's Music [and] Musical Instrument Ware-House No. 10 South Mall Cork.
34309  Fitzpatrick, H., Printer and Bookseller to the Royal College of St. Patrick No. 4 Capel Street near Essex Bridge, Dublin.
34310  Flack, M., Music Binder, No. 40 Maiden Lane Covt. Gardn.
34311  Flindall, I. M. No. 51, Lower-Marsh, Lambeth.
34312  (Fox.) This Book belongs to Fox's Circulating Library, Dartmouth Street, Westminster.
34313  Frazer, Army Printer, Stationer and Bookbinder, 37 Arran Quay, Dublin.
34314  (Garner.) This Book belongs to Garner's Circulating Library Margate.
34315  Graham, A. M., Bookseller 16 (Burke sculpt. D'Olier sc.)
34316  Grant [and] Bolton, Booksellers. (No. 4) Dame Street, Dublin.
34317  Grant, Bolton [and] Co. 4 Dame Street, Dublin. (Sandys sculpt.)
34318  Gray's, Mrs., Circulating Library (Ezekiel sculp. Exeter.)
34319  Green, George, All sorts of Books bound [and] sold by, in Whiterose Court Coleman Street. (T. Cole sculp.)
34320  Gregory's Extensive and Increasing Circulating Library on the Steyne Brighthelmstone.
34321  Grisdale, W., [and] Co. Booksellers, Whitehaven.
34322  Groenewegan, I., [and] A. Van der Hoeck in the Strand. This Book is to be sold by.
34323  Grosvenor Gallery Library. 1880. (Harry Soane ft.)
34324  Grosvenor Gallery Library Limited. (Harry Soane sc. London.)
34325  Guy, H., Bookseller [and] Stationer, High Street Chelmsford.
34326  Haly, James, Navy, Army, and Mercantile Bookseller [and] Stationer, King's-Arms, Exchange, Cork.
34327  Harding, Bound by W., Gosport.
34328  Harrison, Matthew, Stationer, 82 Cornhill, London.
34329  Harward's, S., Circulating Library, Colonnade-Buildings, Cheltenham.
34330  Harward, S., Bookseller [and] Stationer, Tewkesbury. (F. Jukes sc.)
34331  Henderson, Bookseller at His Circulating Library, 14 Tavistock Street, Covent Garden.
34332  Hime's, Sold at, Musical Circulating Library, No. 34 College Green, Dublin.
34833  Hodgson's, E., Circulating Library, at the Princess Amelia's Arms, the Corner of Wimpole and Great Marylebone Streets.
34334  Hookham's Circulating Library, New Bond Street, The Corner of Bruton Street.
34335  Hoon, W., Bookseller [and] Stationer, Ashborne.
34336  Hoppers Circulating Library, No. 12 Market St. Lane, Manchester.
34337  Howgate, Samuel, Bookseller at the Dial in Kirkgate, Leeds.
34338  Hull, Library, Bowl Alley Lane.
34339  Humble's Circulating Library, Pope's Head, Side, Newcastle. (T. Bewick.)
34340  Humphry's, This Book belongs to. Circulating Library, Chichester. 1785.
34341  Huntington, Stationer [and] Bookseller, No. 21, High Street, Bloomsbury.
34342  (Ipswich.) Bibliothèque Française D'Ipswich.
34343  Ireland's Library, Lewes, Sussex.
34344  Jacotin's Circulating Library, Patrick Street.
34345  Knightsbridge House Subscription Library. Established 1st January, 1834.
34346  Lambert, Sold by James, in the Cliff, Lewes.
34347  Lane's Circulating Library, Minerva, Leadenhall Street, London.
34348  Minerva Library, Leadenhall Street, London.
34349  (Loveday.) Made [and] sold by John Loveday, Stationer at the White Hart on Fish Street Hill near ye Monument.
34350  (Lucas.) Belonging to T. Lucas's Circulating Library. Bookseller, Auctioneer and Appraiser, No. 10 High Street, Birmingham. (Tolley sct.)
34351  McKenzie, Printer, Bookseller [and] Stationer, To the University of Dublin. (Esdall sculp.)
34352  McLachlan [and] Chalmers Circulating Library, Dumfries.
34353  March, Sold by John, Bookseller near the Conduit in Exon.
34354  March, Sold by John, Bookseller, at ye sign of the Bible a Little Below St. Martins Lane in Exon.
34355  Matthews, Bookseller, No. 38 North Main Street, comer of Broad Lane, Cork.
34356  Maurice, Stationer and Bookseller, at his Circulating Library, No. 52 Fore Street Dock. (Dawson sculpt. Dock.)
34357  Meehan, J. F., Ye Olde Booke Shoppe, Bath. (The Arms of the City of Bath.)
34358  Milliken, Bookseller to his Majesty, the Lord Lieutenant and the University, 104 Grafton Street, Dublin.
34359  Milliken's, E., 104 Grafton Street.
34360  Milliken, Bookseller to the University, 104 Grafton Street, Dublin.
34361  Moetjens, This Book is to be sold by James, in the Strand.
34362  Moore, Peter, Bookseller and Stationer, No. 100 Grafton Street, Dublin. (Gonne sculpt.)
34363  Mortier, Sold by David, Book-seller at ye sign of Erasmus's, head near Bedford house. (Sturt sculp.)
34364  Moule, T., Bookseller [and] Stationer, No. 34 Duke Street, Grosvenor Square.
34365  Murch, Sold by Fidelio, Booksr. [and] Bookbinder, In the Highstreet, Barnstaple. (J. Woodman Sc. Exon.)
34366  Muskett, Charles, Printer, Bookseller, Binder, and Stationer, 5 Gentleman's Walk, Old Haymarket, Norwich.
34367  Nelson, This Book is the Property of E., Circulating Library, 127 Snow Hill, Birmingm.
34368  Newsell's Library. (This is said not to be a circulating Library.)
34369  Nicholson's, John, Circulating Library, Post-Office, Alford.
34370  (Noble.) This Book belongs to Saml. Noble's Circulating Library at Popes head in Camaby Street near Carnaby Market.
34371  O'Hara [and] Co., Account-Book Manufacturers, Booksellers and Stationers, Patrick Street, Cork.
34372  Olds's Circulating Library, Upper Temple Street.
34373  Owen's, E., Circulating Library, Wine Street, Swansea. 1792.
34374  Packer, G., late Lintern, Music Seller, Bath, No. 13 in the Grove.
34375  (Page.) This Book belongs to Page's Circulating Library.
34376  Parker, T. H., Dealer in Paintings, Drawings, and Prints. No. 7 Spur Street, Leicester Square, W.C.
34377  Parsons and Galignam's British Library in Prose. (I. P. Simon del. sculp.)
34378  Payne, Tho., Bookseller in Wrexham.
34379  Pope, John, Bookseller in Southgate Street Exon. (Coffin Xon.)
34380  Power [and] Co. Sold by William, at their-Music [and] Musical Instrument Warehouse No. 4 Westmorland Street College Green, Dublin. (S. Close sc.)
34381  (Quaritch.) From the Sunderland Library, Blenheim Palace, Purchased, March, 1883, By Bernard Quaritch, 15 Piccadilly, London.
34382  (Quaritch.) From the Sunderland Library, Blenheim Palace, Purchased, March, 1883, By Bernard Quaritch, 15 Piccadilly, London. (The last plate printed on grey paper.)
34383  (Randell.) Printed at London, and are to be sold by Richard Randell, and Peter Maplisden, Booksellers in Newcastle, upon the Sand-hill near the Bridge.
34384  Richardson's, Welld. M., Circulating Library, Annan. (P. Clark, sculpt. Annan.)
34385  Rives, Joseph, Maker at the Black Cap, In Fenwick Street Liverpool.
34386  Rogers. Printer Bookseller and Stationer. Newmarket.
34387  Rose's Circulating Library, Newport-Pagnel.
34388  Shandon, St. Ann's, Eeligious Circulating Library.
34389  Sala D., London. (A bookplate.) (Butcher Sculp. May's Buildings Covt. Gard.)
34390  Sharp, G., High Street, Bedford.
34391  (Sheate.) This Book belongs to Sheate's Circulating Library.
34392  Stacy, J., Bookseller Norwich.
34393  Swinborne [and] Walter, Colchester. Sold by.
84394  Tennant's Circulating Library, Top of Milsom-Street, Bath.
34395  Terry. Sold by G., 54 Pater Noster Eow St. Pauls.
34396  Thomas, Bookbinder, Bookseller [and] Stationer, 14 Boscawen Street, Truro.
34397  Thorn, Sold by Nathaniel, Bookseller in St. Peter's Church Yard Exon.
34398  Town's, John, Circulating Library South Shields. (T. Bewick.)
34399  Trickett, Willm., Vellum Binder and Stationer, opposite Cock Lane Snow Hill London.
34400  Upham, Edward, Bookseller, Stationer, [and] Printer, Broad Gate, Exeter.
34401  Vaillant's, This book is to be had at Paul [and] Isaac, at the Ship in the Strand London.
34402  Vandenhoeck, This Book is to be sold at the shop of Abraham, and George Richmond, the sign of Virgill's Head, Opposite Exeter Exchange in the Strand.
34403  Varenne, This and, All Sorts of Foreign Books are to be had, at Math, de. Bookseller at the Senecas Head in the Strand London.
34404  Varenne's, This Book and all sorts are to be had at Math., at the Senecas head near Sommerset house in ye Strand. (H. Hulsbergh sc.)
34405  Ward, Caesar, [and] Richard Chandler. At the Ship Between the Temple Gates in Fleet-Street, And at their Shop at Scarborough.
34406  Ward, Caesar, and Biehd. Chandler, Booksellers, At the Ship, without Temple-Barr, London. (T. Haynes Sculpt. York.)
34407  Webb's Circulating Library, Bedford.
34408  Westley, R. H., Bookseller [and] Stationer, No. 159, Opposite the New Church, Strand.
34409  White's Circulating Library, No. 13 St. Augustine's Back, Bristol.
34410  White, Thomas, at the Exchange of Cork. Bookseller [and] Stationer.
34411  Wigan Subscription Library
34412  Wildy [and] Davis, 12 Brownlow St. Holborn, and Lincoln's Inn Gateway, Carey St.
34413  Wilson, Wm., Bookseller [and] Stationer, at Homer's head No. 6 Dame Street, the Comer of Palace Street, Dublin.
34414  Withers, Ewd., Bookseller at the Seven Stars over Chancery Lane Fleet Street.
34415  (Woodbridge.) This Book is the Property of Woodbridge's Circulating Library, Brentford Bridge.
34416  (Yearsley.) This Book belongs to Ann Yearsley's Public Library In the Crescent, Hotwells.
34417  Young, John. Musical Instrument Seller, at the Dolphin and Crown at the West End of St Pauls Church.

Saturday, 24 January 2015

A Typical Research Day

Although, for me, only one day each week is flagged as a research day—a day on which I am not expected to either teach or attend meetings—I do research at all times of the day and all days of the week. I expect my colleagues do the same. The advantage of a research day is that it does give me the opportunity to do things that require extended focus, or extended meandering. If I were a very disciplined and well-organised person, I would make use of this time to write article after article. And sometime I do get to do this, but more often than not I use my time to follow up on the interesting leads captured in files and folders that litter my computer desktop.

Thursday was typical of that second kind of day. Last week I happened upon a blog post (here) that alerted me to the fact that the University of Virginia Library has acquired a copy of the French translation of Ab.9.2 The Rash Resolve; Or, or the Untimely Discovery (1724): Emanuella, ou la découverte premature. Par Madame Élise Haywood (Paris, an IX [1800/1801]). I located only two copies of this book in 2004 (both in Europe), so it was a pleasure to add a third.

While updating the holdings listed in my Bibliography, I took the opportunity to look for more copies, which led me to a series of discoveries: the Bavarian State Library have scanned their copy of Emanuella and it is now on Google Books (here), so I added it to my list of Haywood texts online here and revised my entry in my Bibliography; I found two new listings for the translation in French literary journals, and was able to correct the date on the one I listed in 2004 (adding this and this, and correcting the details of this); and—via the latter—I found a (very short) review of the translation here), so I have posted the review and translation here and added it to my list of Haywood reviews here and in my revised Bibliography.

After all this updating I still haven't got around to mentioning what first struck me about the University of Virginia copy of Emanuella: it contains the bookplates of Paul Lacroix (1806–84) the French author and journalist (famous enough to have his own Wikipedia page here) and André Breton (1896-1966), the founder of Surrealism (also on Wikipedia here). As David Whitesell points out in his blog entry, it is fitting that Salvador Dalí designed Breton’s "arresting" bookplate.

The University of Virginia copy was (owned and) donated by the renowned "angliciste," Professor Maurice Lévy (1929-2012; also on Wikipedia here), author of, among other things, Le Roman “Gothique” Anglais, 1764–1824 (PhD. thesis, 1968), Roman et société en Angleterre au XVIIIe siècle (1978) and some important articles on Mathhew Lewis. A pencil notation is visible on the photo of the endpaper posted by Whitesell, which suggests Levy paid one thousand francs (ca. A$220) for it—though when he did so is not clear.

The Levy collection is relatively small, but choice. As the collector himself explains (here), a "distinctive feature" of the French editions of (British) gothic novels—a feature "not shared by corresponding English volumes"—is that they are "individually illustrated with frontispieces by (most of them) reputed engravers." Nicole Bouché explains that "almost all" of Levy's late eighteenth century and early nineteenth century volumes are "in their original, often quite striking French bindings." That is, these French gothic novels are gorgeous: beautifully illustrated, printed and bound.

Anyone, like me, who has gone looking for a fetching illustration to use in a lecture on a gothic novel—such as Vathek, The Castle of Otranto, The Monk or Zofloya—will recognise the truth of Levy's observation: if you can't find a French edition, you may as well give up! My lectures on the gothic novel in my units "The Dark Hero" and "The Shadow of Reason" and "Reading the Past" are a hymn in praise of French engravers.

Until I read the posts by Whitesell and Bouché about the Levy collection, I had never heard of Levy's Images du roman noir (Paris: Éric Losfeld, 1973)—but as soon as I did, I knew I needed a copy, so I ordered one. (There appears to be only one copy in any library in Australia!) Nor was I aware of CERLI (the "Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur les Littératures de l'Imaginaire" [Centre for Studies and Research on the Literature of the Imagination (here)] until I read the Wikipedia entry (it is not mentioned in the Whitesell and Bouché posts), but I quickly found CERLI online, went straight to the bibliography page and was greeted by some very welcome headings: Fantastique; Littérature gothique; Vampires; Merveilleux; Fantasy; Science-fiction …

This site will going straight into my reader for the Dark Hero. Actually, I will have to do it next week now. Until then, I will just leave a screen-cap of the site on my desktop to remind me ...