Monday, 26 January 2015

Bookplates of Booksellers and Circulating Libraries

Sir Augustus Wollaston Franks (1826–97), "arguably the most important collector in the history of the British Museum, and one of the greatest collectors of his age," amassed an enormous collection of bookplates. When he died, this collection (along with his many, many other important collections, went to the British Museum, where they were catalogued).

The catalogue of bookplates and trade cards, Franks Bequest: Catalogue of British and American Book Plates Bequested to the Trustees of the British Museum by Sir Augustus Wollaston Franks (1903), has been an important reference for collectors for more than a century. The Catalogue was digitised by the University of Toronto in January 2009. (For the three volumes, see here, here and here.) In the third volume of the Catalogue are the bookplates of institutions such as Public Libraries (293), Societies and institutions (297), Clubs (301) and business such as Booksellers and Circulating Libraries (310).

Since the University of Toronto OCR is not without it faults, and it is useful to have even a one-hundred-year-old list of bookplates of eighteenth-and nineteenth-century Booksellers and Circulating Libraries, I have edited the text and reproduced it here. BTW: I only have two of the 164 bookplates mentioned below (Franks Cat. nos. 34401 and 34405; though I am about to buy a third). I am not sure how many are eighteenth-century or of businesses based in London, the focus of my interest, but I am a very long way from being a collector of all of the bookplates listed below, or of bookplates in general.

* * * * *

* * * * *

34254  Abbott, Printer, Bookseller, Stationer, [and] Binder, Diss.
34255  Adams's, D., Library.
34256  Adams, J., Bookseller and Stationer, Stamford. (C. [and] N. Hull.)
34257  Adolphe, Art Photographer and Miniature Painter, 75 Grafton St., Dublin. (A Trade card?).
34258  Andrews's, John, Circulating Library. Calcutta. 1774. (Shepperd sc.)
34259  Apollo Circulating Library and Music Warehouse, South Street, Worthing.
34260  (Auld.) This Book belongs to Auld's Circulating Library (No. 18) Wardour-Street, Soho.
34261  Bagster, Sam., No. 81 Strand, near Cecil Street.
34262  Balcomb's, T., Circulating Library at Burwash.
34263  (Baldrey.) This Book belongs to Baldrey's Circulating Library No. 279 Holborn, nearly opposite the end of Red Lion Street.
34264  Barber. This Book belongs to the Circulating Library of Joseph, Bookseller in Amen Corner, near St. Nicholas Church, Newcastle. 1756.
34265  Barber, Joseph, and Son, Bookseller and Stationers, in Amen-Comer, Newcastle. (T. Bewick.)
34266  Barfield, Library, Broadstairs. (Biddle sc. Birm.)
34267  Barratt's Library, Bond Street.
34268  (Bates.) This Book belongs to Bates's Circulating Library, Holyhead.
34269  (Bates.) This Book belongs to Bates's Circulating Library, Holyhead. A different plate.)
34270  Baxter, Printer, Bookseller, Binder and Stationer, Lewes. (Jones Sc.)
34271  Beart's Circulating Library. Opposite the Bridge, Yarmouth. (Beart, Printer.)
34272  Beart's Circulating Library. On the Quay, Yarmouth.
34273  Bettison late Henley's. Cheltenham Library.
34274  Blagden's Circulating Library.
34275  Bliss, R., Bookseller, Stationer, and Circulating Librarian, Oxford.
34276  Bliss, R., Bookseller, Stationer, and Circulating Librarian, Oxford. [A different plate.]
34277  Bristow's Kentish Library, Parade, St. Andrew's, Canterbury.
34278  Bristow [and] Cowtan. Kentish Library, Parade, Canterbury.
34279  Brooke, Bought of Richd., Stationer at ye Ship near ye new Church in the Strand.
34280  Brotherton, John, At the Bible in Threadneedle Street over against Mercht. Taylors Hall bindeth all Sorts of Books.
34281  Burn, Bound by Thomas, 37 Kirby Street, Hatton Garden.
34282  Burnett, John, Bookseller and Stationer, at Shakespeare's Head, End of the Broad Street, Aberdeen.
34283  (Cabe.) This Book belongs to Edward Cabe's Circulating Library in Avemary Lane Ludgate Street.
34284  (Cass.) This Book belongs to Cass's Circulating Library. The Comer of Lamb's Conduit Street, Theobald's Koad.
34285  Chamley [and] Compy's. Circulating Library.
34286  Churchill, John, Medical Bookseller, Princes Street, Leicester Square.
34287  … Circulating Library, mutilated. London.
34288  Clarke, Abraham, Bookseller, Stationer, and Bookbinder, at the Bible and Crown, Near the Market Cross, and the Bull's Head Inn, Manchester.
34289  Clarke, John, Bookseller and Stationer, ye Corner of Essex Street, in ye Strand. (C. Mosley sculp.)
34290  Coke's, Leith., Circulating Library.
34291  Colburn [and] Co.'s British and Foreign Public Library, Conduit Street Hanover Square. [1842]
34292  Colegate's, R., Kentish Library, Parade Canterbury.
34293  Commins, Bookseller, Stationer, Musicseller, [and]c. Tavistock. (The Arms of the Company of Stationers.) (Colley Plymo.)
34294  Coppinger, Tho., Hairdresser and Stationer's Circulating Library Hawkhurst.
34295  Cork. The Minerva Rooms, Circulating Library and Beading Room.
34296  Cowtan [and] Colegate's Kentish Library, Parade, Canterbury.
34297  Cowtan [and] Colegate's Kentish Library, Parade, Canterbury. (A different plate.)
34298  Crokatt, Bought of I., at the Golden Key near ye Inner-Temple-Gate Fleet-street.
34299  Crompton, Josh., Stationer; At the Circulating Library in Colmer Row. Birmingham.
34300  Davenport, Music Seller, Oxford.
34301  (Davis.) This Book belongs to Wm. Davis, Bookseller and Stationer, at the Bedford Historical [and] Miscellaneous Circulating Library, No. 15, Southampton Row, Russell Square.
34302  (Dedman.) This Book belongs to Dedman, Bookseller, Stationer [and] Bookbinder, at his Circulating Library, No. 12 New Store-Street, Bedford-Square, London.
34303  Dessy's, Henry, at the Golden Bible, over against Catherine Street, in the Strand. This Book and all sorts are to be had at. (I. Pine Sculp.)
34304  Dunoyer, Sold by Peter, Book, Map, [and] Print-Seller at ye sign of Erasmus's Head, near the Fountain Tavern in the Strand.
34305  Earle's Original French [and] English Circulating Library, 47 Albemarle Street, Three Doors from Piccadilly.
34806  Egerton, Thos., Bookseller, Successor to Mr. Millan. 32 Opposite the Admiralty Charing Cross. (Smith sculpt. Bow Lane.)
34307  Fergusson, Army, Navy [and] Mercantile Printer, etc. 108 Patrick -Street, Cork.
34308  (Fitzpatrick.) Bought at Fitzpatrick's Music [and] Musical Instrument Ware-House No. 10 South Mall Cork.
34309  Fitzpatrick, H., Printer and Bookseller to the Royal College of St. Patrick No. 4 Capel Street near Essex Bridge, Dublin.
34310  Flack, M., Music Binder, No. 40 Maiden Lane Covt. Gardn.
34311  Flindall, I. M. No. 51, Lower-Marsh, Lambeth.
34312  (Fox.) This Book belongs to Fox's Circulating Library, Dartmouth Street, Westminster.
34313  Frazer, Army Printer, Stationer and Bookbinder, 37 Arran Quay, Dublin.
34314  (Garner.) This Book belongs to Garner's Circulating Library Margate.
34315  Graham, A. M., Bookseller 16 (Burke sculpt. D'Olier sc.)
34316  Grant [and] Bolton, Booksellers. (No. 4) Dame Street, Dublin.
34317  Grant, Bolton [and] Co. 4 Dame Street, Dublin. (Sandys sculpt.)
34318  Gray's, Mrs., Circulating Library (Ezekiel sculp. Exeter.)
34319  Green, George, All sorts of Books bound [and] sold by, in Whiterose Court Coleman Street. (T. Cole sculp.)
34320  Gregory's Extensive and Increasing Circulating Library on the Steyne Brighthelmstone.
34321  Grisdale, W., [and] Co. Booksellers, Whitehaven.
34322  Groenewegan, I., [and] A. Van der Hoeck in the Strand. This Book is to be sold by.
34323  Grosvenor Gallery Library. 1880. (Harry Soane ft.)
34324  Grosvenor Gallery Library Limited. (Harry Soane sc. London.)
34325  Guy, H., Bookseller [and] Stationer, High Street Chelmsford.
34326  Haly, James, Navy, Army, and Mercantile Bookseller [and] Stationer, King's-Arms, Exchange, Cork.
34327  Harding, Bound by W., Gosport.
34328  Harrison, Matthew, Stationer, 82 Cornhill, London.
34329  Harward's, S., Circulating Library, Colonnade-Buildings, Cheltenham.
34330  Harward, S., Bookseller [and] Stationer, Tewkesbury. (F. Jukes sc.)
34331  Henderson, Bookseller at His Circulating Library, 14 Tavistock Street, Covent Garden.
34332  Hime's, Sold at, Musical Circulating Library, No. 34 College Green, Dublin.
34833  Hodgson's, E., Circulating Library, at the Princess Amelia's Arms, the Corner of Wimpole and Great Marylebone Streets.
34334  Hookham's Circulating Library, New Bond Street, The Corner of Bruton Street.
34335  Hoon, W., Bookseller [and] Stationer, Ashborne.
34336  Hoppers Circulating Library, No. 12 Market St. Lane, Manchester.
34337  Howgate, Samuel, Bookseller at the Dial in Kirkgate, Leeds.
34338  Hull, Library, Bowl Alley Lane.
34339  Humble's Circulating Library, Pope's Head, Side, Newcastle. (T. Bewick.)
34340  Humphry's, This Book belongs to. Circulating Library, Chichester. 1785.
34341  Huntington, Stationer [and] Bookseller, No. 21, High Street, Bloomsbury.
34342  (Ipswich.) Bibliothèque Française D'Ipswich.
34343  Ireland's Library, Lewes, Sussex.
34344  Jacotin's Circulating Library, Patrick Street.
34345  Knightsbridge House Subscription Library. Established 1st January, 1834.
34346  Lambert, Sold by James, in the Cliff, Lewes.
34347  Lane's Circulating Library, Minerva, Leadenhall Street, London.
34348  Minerva Library, Leadenhall Street, London.
34349  (Loveday.) Made [and] sold by John Loveday, Stationer at the White Hart on Fish Street Hill near ye Monument.
34350  (Lucas.) Belonging to T. Lucas's Circulating Library. Bookseller, Auctioneer and Appraiser, No. 10 High Street, Birmingham. (Tolley sct.)
34351  McKenzie, Printer, Bookseller [and] Stationer, To the University of Dublin. (Esdall sculp.)
34352  McLachlan [and] Chalmers Circulating Library, Dumfries.
34353  March, Sold by John, Bookseller near the Conduit in Exon.
34354  March, Sold by John, Bookseller, at ye sign of the Bible a Little Below St. Martins Lane in Exon.
34355  Matthews, Bookseller, No. 38 North Main Street, comer of Broad Lane, Cork.
34356  Maurice, Stationer and Bookseller, at his Circulating Library, No. 52 Fore Street Dock. (Dawson sculpt. Dock.)
34357  Meehan, J. F., Ye Olde Booke Shoppe, Bath. (The Arms of the City of Bath.)
34358  Milliken, Bookseller to his Majesty, the Lord Lieutenant and the University, 104 Grafton Street, Dublin.
34359  Milliken's, E., 104 Grafton Street.
34360  Milliken, Bookseller to the University, 104 Grafton Street, Dublin.
34361  Moetjens, This Book is to be sold by James, in the Strand.
34362  Moore, Peter, Bookseller and Stationer, No. 100 Grafton Street, Dublin. (Gonne sculpt.)
34363  Mortier, Sold by David, Book-seller at ye sign of Erasmus's, head near Bedford house. (Sturt sculp.)
34364  Moule, T., Bookseller [and] Stationer, No. 34 Duke Street, Grosvenor Square.
34365  Murch, Sold by Fidelio, Booksr. [and] Bookbinder, In the Highstreet, Barnstaple. (J. Woodman Sc. Exon.)
34366  Muskett, Charles, Printer, Bookseller, Binder, and Stationer, 5 Gentleman's Walk, Old Haymarket, Norwich.
34367  Nelson, This Book is the Property of E., Circulating Library, 127 Snow Hill, Birmingm.
34368  Newsell's Library. (This is said not to be a circulating Library.)
34369  Nicholson's, John, Circulating Library, Post-Office, Alford.
34370  (Noble.) This Book belongs to Saml. Noble's Circulating Library at Popes head in Camaby Street near Carnaby Market.
34371  O'Hara [and] Co., Account-Book Manufacturers, Booksellers and Stationers, Patrick Street, Cork.
34372  Olds's Circulating Library, Upper Temple Street.
34373  Owen's, E., Circulating Library, Wine Street, Swansea. 1792.
34374  Packer, G., late Lintern, Music Seller, Bath, No. 13 in the Grove.
34375  (Page.) This Book belongs to Page's Circulating Library.
34376  Parker, T. H., Dealer in Paintings, Drawings, and Prints. No. 7 Spur Street, Leicester Square, W.C.
34377  Parsons and Galignam's British Library in Prose. (I. P. Simon del. sculp.)
34378  Payne, Tho., Bookseller in Wrexham.
34379  Pope, John, Bookseller in Southgate Street Exon. (Coffin Xon.)
34380  Power [and] Co. Sold by William, at their-Music [and] Musical Instrument Warehouse No. 4 Westmorland Street College Green, Dublin. (S. Close sc.)
34381  (Quaritch.) From the Sunderland Library, Blenheim Palace, Purchased, March, 1883, By Bernard Quaritch, 15 Piccadilly, London.
34382  (Quaritch.) From the Sunderland Library, Blenheim Palace, Purchased, March, 1883, By Bernard Quaritch, 15 Piccadilly, London. (The last plate printed on grey paper.)
34383  (Randell.) Printed at London, and are to be sold by Richard Randell, and Peter Maplisden, Booksellers in Newcastle, upon the Sand-hill near the Bridge.
34384  Richardson's, Welld. M., Circulating Library, Annan. (P. Clark, sculpt. Annan.)
34385  Rives, Joseph, Maker at the Black Cap, In Fenwick Street Liverpool.
34386  Rogers. Printer Bookseller and Stationer. Newmarket.
34387  Rose's Circulating Library, Newport-Pagnel.
34388  Shandon, St. Ann's, Eeligious Circulating Library.
34389  Sala D., London. (A bookplate.) (Butcher Sculp. May's Buildings Covt. Gard.)
34390  Sharp, G., High Street, Bedford.
34391  (Sheate.) This Book belongs to Sheate's Circulating Library.
34392  Stacy, J., Bookseller Norwich.
34393  Swinborne [and] Walter, Colchester. Sold by.
84394  Tennant's Circulating Library, Top of Milsom-Street, Bath.
34395  Terry. Sold by G., 54 Pater Noster Eow St. Pauls.
34396  Thomas, Bookbinder, Bookseller [and] Stationer, 14 Boscawen Street, Truro.
34397  Thorn, Sold by Nathaniel, Bookseller in St. Peter's Church Yard Exon.
34398  Town's, John, Circulating Library South Shields. (T. Bewick.)
34399  Trickett, Willm., Vellum Binder and Stationer, opposite Cock Lane Snow Hill London.
34400  Upham, Edward, Bookseller, Stationer, [and] Printer, Broad Gate, Exeter.
34401  Vaillant's, This book is to be had at Paul [and] Isaac, at the Ship in the Strand London.
34402  Vandenhoeck, This Book is to be sold at the shop of Abraham, and George Richmond, the sign of Virgill's Head, Opposite Exeter Exchange in the Strand.
34403  Varenne, This and, All Sorts of Foreign Books are to be had, at Math, de. Bookseller at the Senecas Head in the Strand London.
34404  Varenne's, This Book and all sorts are to be had at Math., at the Senecas head near Sommerset house in ye Strand. (H. Hulsbergh sc.)
34405  Ward, Caesar, [and] Richard Chandler. At the Ship Between the Temple Gates in Fleet-Street, And at their Shop at Scarborough.
34406  Ward, Caesar, and Biehd. Chandler, Booksellers, At the Ship, without Temple-Barr, London. (T. Haynes Sculpt. York.)
34407  Webb's Circulating Library, Bedford.
34408  Westley, R. H., Bookseller [and] Stationer, No. 159, Opposite the New Church, Strand.
34409  White's Circulating Library, No. 13 St. Augustine's Back, Bristol.
34410  White, Thomas, at the Exchange of Cork. Bookseller [and] Stationer.
34411  Wigan Subscription Library
34412  Wildy [and] Davis, 12 Brownlow St. Holborn, and Lincoln's Inn Gateway, Carey St.
34413  Wilson, Wm., Bookseller [and] Stationer, at Homer's head No. 6 Dame Street, the Comer of Palace Street, Dublin.
34414  Withers, Ewd., Bookseller at the Seven Stars over Chancery Lane Fleet Street.
34415  (Woodbridge.) This Book is the Property of Woodbridge's Circulating Library, Brentford Bridge.
34416  (Yearsley.) This Book belongs to Ann Yearsley's Public Library In the Crescent, Hotwells.
34417  Young, John. Musical Instrument Seller, at the Dolphin and Crown at the West End of St Pauls Church.

Saturday, 24 January 2015

A Typical Research Day

Although, for me, only one day each week is flagged as a research day—a day on which I am not expected to either teach or attend meetings—I do research at all times of the day and all days of the week. I expect my colleagues do the same. The advantage of a research day is that it does give me the opportunity to do things that require extended focus, or extended meandering. If I were a very disciplined and well-organised person, I would make use of this time to write article after article. And sometime I do get to do this, but more often than not I use my time to follow up on the interesting leads captured in files and folders that litter my computer desktop.

Thursday was typical of that second kind of day. Last week I happened upon a blog post (here) that alerted me to the fact that the University of Virginia Library has acquired a copy of the French translation of Ab.9.2 The Rash Resolve; Or, or the Untimely Discovery (1724): Emanuella, ou la découverte premature. Par Madame Élise Haywood (Paris, an IX [1800/1801]). I located only two copies of this book in 2004 (both in Europe), so it was a pleasure to add a third.

While updating the holdings listed in my Bibliography, I took the opportunity to look for more copies, which led me to a series of discoveries: the Bavarian State Library have scanned their copy of Emanuella and it is now on Google Books (here), so I added it to my list of Haywood texts online here and revised my entry in my Bibliography; I found two new listings for the translation in French literary journals, and was able to correct the date on the one I listed in 2004 (adding this and this, and correcting the details of this); and—via the latter—I found a (very short) review of the translation here), so I have posted the review and translation here and added it to my list of Haywood reviews here and in my revised Bibliography.

After all this updating I still haven't got around to mentioning what first struck me about the University of Virginia copy of Emanuella: it contains the bookplates of Paul Lacroix (1806–84) the French author and journalist (famous enough to have his own Wikipedia page here) and André Breton (1896-1966), the founder of Surrealism (also on Wikipedia here). As David Whitesell points out in his blog entry, it is fitting that Salvador Dalí designed Breton’s "arresting" bookplate.

The University of Virginia copy was (owned and) donated by the renowned "angliciste," Professor Maurice Lévy (1929-2012; also on Wikipedia here), author of, among other things, Le Roman “Gothique” Anglais, 1764–1824 (PhD. thesis, 1968), Roman et société en Angleterre au XVIIIe siècle (1978) and some important articles on Mathhew Lewis. A pencil notation is visible on the photo of the endpaper posted by Whitesell, which suggests Levy paid one thousand francs (ca. A$220) for it—though when he did so is not clear.

The Levy collection is relatively small, but choice. As the collector himself explains (here), a "distinctive feature" of the French editions of (British) gothic novels—a feature "not shared by corresponding English volumes"—is that they are "individually illustrated with frontispieces by (most of them) reputed engravers." Nicole Bouché explains that "almost all" of Levy's late eighteenth century and early nineteenth century volumes are "in their original, often quite striking French bindings." That is, these French gothic novels are gorgeous: beautifully illustrated, printed and bound.

Anyone, like me, who has gone looking for a fetching illustration to use in a lecture on a gothic novel—such as Vathek, The Castle of Otranto, The Monk or Zofloya—will recognise the truth of Levy's observation: if you can't find a French edition, you may as well give up! My lectures on the gothic novel in my units "The Dark Hero" and "The Shadow of Reason" and "Reading the Past" are a hymn in praise of French engravers.

Until I read the posts by Whitesell and Bouché about the Levy collection, I had never heard of Levy's Images du roman noir (Paris: Éric Losfeld, 1973)—but as soon as I did, I knew I needed a copy, so I ordered one. (There appears to be only one copy in any library in Australia!) Nor was I aware of CERLI (the "Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur les Littératures de l'Imaginaire" [Centre for Studies and Research on the Literature of the Imagination (here)] until I read the Wikipedia entry (it is not mentioned in the Whitesell and Bouché posts), but I quickly found CERLI online, went straight to the bibliography page and was greeted by some very welcome headings: Fantastique; Littérature gothique; Vampires; Merveilleux; Fantasy; Science-fiction …

This site will going straight into my reader for the Dark Hero. Actually, I will have to do it next week now. Until then, I will just leave a screen-cap of the site on my desktop to remind me ...

Thursday, 22 January 2015

A French Review of Haywood's The Rash Resolve (1724)

The following very short review is of Emanuella, a French translation of Haywood’s The Rash Resolve, which appears in the Bibliothèque Française 9 (Nivôse An 9 [December 1800–January 1801]): 190–91 (here). It seems that the review is by the blind "homme de lettres" [man of letters] Marie Charles Joseph de Pougens (1755–1833)—he has a (French) Wikipedia page here—since it appears in a section titled "Notices par Charles Pougens" (ibid., 171). This review was not mentioned in my Bibliography of Eliza Haywood (under Ab.9.2).

* * * * *

Emanuella, ou la découverte prématurée. par mad. Elise Haywood. Trad. de l’Anglais. I v. in-12 de 264 p., fig. Ouvrier, rue St.-André-des-Arcs, no. 41.
  Des aventures simples, un style naturel, tels sont les principaux caractères de ce roman, dont la lecture plaira à tous ceux qui aiment à n’être que doucement intéressés.

[Emanuella, or The Premature Discovery. By Madam Elise Haywood. Translated from the English. 1 vol., 12mo. …
  Simple adventures and natural style, these are the principle characteristics of the novel, the reading of which will appeal to those who like to be only mildly engaged.]

Sunday, 18 January 2015

The Betsy Thoughtless Stockmarket

The first book by Eliza Haywood that I purchased was the Pandora edition of Betsy Thoughtless (1986). I bought it on 9 December 1991 for $10. I don't know how many copies of Betsy Thoughtless I have bought since then, but it would be a lot, and all of them would have cost me more than $10. Some of them, a lot more than $10. So, although my copy of Betsy Thoughtless has great sentimental value to me, I have always considered it to be the least valuable of the lot. But no more!

Last Wednesday I was doing a search on AddAll and discovered that an extremely reliable bookseller who is offering a copy for $458 (USD364.37). My battered old copy of Betsy Thoughtless is doubling in value every four years! Unfortunately, when I look again this morning, it is clear that there has been a market correction. Sensible investors who had multiple copies have clearly been seeling into this rising market and the price has fallen back to $149 (USD119.12). Those of you who have invested heavily in copies of the Pandora edition of Betsy Thoughtless can follow the value of your investment on Biblio here or ABE here.

It is always pleasing to find an extremely reliable bookseller, and so I wanted to know more about the vendor, who is called "ExtremelyReliable"—an extremely helpful choice of name, since it makes it extremely easy to remember. I pretty quickly found a page on the Zubal books site titled Never Buy Books From ... BOOKJACKERS which includes ExtremelyReliable in a list of forty bookjackers.

A bookjacker is someone who takes a genuine online listing for a book, then re-post the listing at an inflated price somewhere else. They might take a listing from Amazon, and post it on, or from, and put it on Amazon, or eBay, or somewhere else. If a reader is foolish enough to buy from the bookjacker, the bookjacker buys the book from the original seller, providing them with the address of the actual reader. The bookjacker never sees or handles the book, but they collect their margin. Bookjacker work on a vast scale and make a lot of money from people who don't shop around, and don't suspect the practice. If you don't want to pay this tax on laziness or ignorance, don't buy from bookjacker! (Zubal explains how to avoid them.)

(Of course, a more polite form of bookjacking is as old as bookselling. Dealers buy from each other. They do it all the time, and their is an establish 10% discount offered by dealers to each another. Dealers who do not offer this discount (like—apparently—the Berkelouws), are considered arseholes by the rest of the trade. Specialist dealers obtain their stock almost exclusively in this way. At almost every book fair dealers trawl each other's stock for any bargain (an oversight in pricing) or for stock in their specialist area: sometimes a special time is set aside before the fair opens to the public, to make sure that dealers get all the bargains. They then inflate their prices to cover their costs. This is one of the reasons specialist dealers charge more: they have to do so to cover the cost of obtaining stock. A book may change hands among dealers many times before a collector gets a chance to purchase it, each one collecting their margin like the bookjackers. The internet did not changed this method in any essential way: the specialist dealer now buys from a larger number of general dealers—whether amateur or professional—but they are still making money out of a buyer's laziness or ignorance, or by profiting from their restrictive trade practices.)

Returning to the Pandora edition of Betsy Thoughtless (1986): bookjacking is only half of the explanation for the ExtremelyReliable price of USD364.37. The other half is dealers—huge ones, with a vast amounts of stock (some of them charities)—who use software to price their books. The prices are regularly updated. The software uses an algorithm to match a book to online listings (via an ISBN), establish the existing market price for that book, then undercut it by a small margin, so that their copy is neither a bargain, nor the most expensive copy online.

Bring these two dealers together and this is what happens: McDealer offers a book at $100, bookjacker relists it at $110, McDealer relists it at $105, bookjacker relists it at $115, McDealer relists it at $110, bookjacker relists it at $125, McDealer relists it at $120, and so on. This is why the price of the Pandora edition of Betsy Thoughtless wanders up and down, all on its own.

Zubal links to a very entertaining page on Amazon’s $23,698,655.93 book about flies. I went looking and found a book for USD759 billion, on Religious Plurality in Africa. (The vendor is not on Zubal's list.)

If looking for insanely-priced books is your idea of a good time, this is how you do it: go to the Amazon, Advanced Search page for books here, enter the publication date as After 1450, and Sort Results by Price: High to Low. For some reason this search doesn't work when I add Haywood as an author, but this search for Eliza Haywood on ABE (paperbacks, 1915–2015, sans print-on-demand) will help you track the value of your thirty-year old paperbacks. (Today's winner is the 1997 Oxford University Press edition of Betsy Thoughtless—another book I have! Winning again!)

Saturday, 17 January 2015

Early Criticism on Eliza Haywood

Thanks to Google Books, the Internet Archive and the scanning projects of various libraries, a lot of early (i.e., out-of-copyright) critical material—apart from reviews—is now available online. In the case of Eliza Haywood this is a mixed blessing, because a good deal of this material is "critical" only in the sense that it is censorious, not analytical.

However, whether adverse and positive, I think it might be useful to have such links to such criticism and comment, however brief, in one place. Unlike some of my other lists (links below), it is likely to be quite some time before this list is even close to representative or complete, but I'll start small, and add items as I find them.

[For editions of works by Eliza Haywood and recent criticism of the same, see here; for contemporary and early reviews of works by Haywood, see here; for contemporary biographical sources for Haywood, see here. For William Hatchett links see here.]

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1832. John Genet, Some Account of the English Stage from 1660 to 1830 (Bath: H. E. Carrington for Thomas Rodd, 1832), 10 vols. ¶ Wikipedia entry here ("accurate and well-researched"); one of the more important and detailed nineteenth-century accounts of the plays by Haywood and Hatchett, frequently cited. (O = Oxford University; CaOTU = University of Toronto; * = miscataloged and not viewable outside the US.)
vol.1: O copy here and here; CaOTU copy here.
vol.2: O copy here and here; CaOTU copy here.
vol.3: O copy here and here; CaOTU copy here.
vol.4: O copy here and here; CaOTU copy here.
vol.5: O copy here and here; CaOTU copy here.
vol.6: O copy here and here; CaOTU copy here.
vol.7: O copy here and here; CaOTU copy here.
vol.8: O copy here* and here; CaOTU copy here.
vol.9: O copy here and here; CaOTU copy here.
vol.10: O copy here and here CaOTU copy here.